Distributed Diffusion Based Spectrum Sensing for Cognitive Radio Sensor Networks Considering Link Failure
Amirhosein Hajihoseini Gazestani and Seyed Ali Ghorashi
Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) typically use license free industrial, scientific and medical (ISM) frequency bands and by increasing the demand for different usages of WSNs, it is anticipated that this band gets saturated. One solution to deal with this spectrum scarcity in WSNs is utilizing the cognitive radio concept, called cognitive radio sensor networks (CRSNs). One of the most critical challenges in CRSNs is spectrum sensing, which can be implemented by centralized, cluster based or distributed methods. In CRSNs, distributed methods have better spectrum sensing performance due to their fast adaptation to the network changes. Also they have lower power consumption level, which is critical in CRSNs. In this paper, we propose a novel distributed diffusion based spectrum sensing method for CRSNs that improves the robustness of the spectrum sensing method against link failure and network topology changes. It also increases the algorithm’s convergence rate while its accuracy is acceptable. We prove the proposed method convergence and calculate its mean square error, considering link failure assumption. Simulation results confirm that the proposed method improves the convergence rate compared with conventional distributed methods, and using the proposed method increases the convergence rate and needs less communications to make a decision about absence or presence of the primary user.