Resource Allocation in Full-Duplex UAV Enabled Multi Small Cell Networks
Amirhosein Hajihoseini Gazestani; Seyed Ali Ghorashi; Zhaohui Yang; Mohammad Shikh-Bahaei
Flying platforms such as Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) are a promising solution for future small cell networks. UAVs can be used as aerial Base Stations (BSs) to enhance coverage, capacity and reliability of wireless networks. Also, with recent advances of Self Interference Cancellation (SIC) techniques in Full-Duplex (FD) systems, practical implementation of FD BSs is feasible. In this paper, we investigate the problem of resource allocation for multi-small cell networks with FD-UAVs as aerial BSs with imperfect SIC. We consider three different scenarios: a) maximizing the DL sum-rate, b) maximizing the UL sum-rate, and finally c) maximizing the sum of UL and DL sum-rates. The aforementioned problems result in non-convex optimization problems, therefore, successive convex approximation algorithms are developed by leveraging D.C. (Difference of Convex functions) programming to find sub-optimal solutions. Simulation results illustrated validity and effectiveness of the proposed radio resource management algorithms in comparison with ground BSs, in both FD mode and its half-duplex (HD) counterpart. The results also indicate those situations where using aerial BS is advantageous over ground BS and reveal how FD transmission enhances the network performance in comparison with HD one.